NRC: Full Form Of NRC – What is NRC?
Information related to NRC
When India and Pakistan were partitioned, there were considerable numbers of refugees from both sides.
During partition, a large number of people migrated from Assam to East Pakistan, but their land and properties were in Assam, due to which many of these people started coming to India.
As a result, it was difficult to know whether this person was Indian or not, between the original Indian citizens and illegal refugees.
Due to which many kinds of problems started to arise, the government prepared the National Civil Register (NRC) in the year 1951 to deal with this problem. Let us know what is NRC?
Full Form Of NRC
The full form of the NRC is the National Register of Citizens, and is called the National Register of Citizens of India in Hindi.
What is NRC
The NRC ie National Citizen Register is a list created to identify Indian citizens residing in Assam.
The aim is to identify illegal immigrants living in the state, especially Bangladeshi infiltrators. For this process, a special provision was made in Assam by amending the Citizenship Act in 1986.
Under this, the names of those people who were citizens of Assam before 25 March 1971, or their ancestors have been living in the state, have been included in the register.
Assam is the only state in the country where NRC is applicable. The first National Citizen Register was created in the year 1951. Every person included in the census conducted at that time was considered a citizen of the state.
After this, there was a demand to update it once again in the state for the last few years.
In fact, for the past several decades, the illegal balance of infiltration from neighboring countries, especially Bangladesh, has deteriorated the balance of population there.
Due to which people there were demanding NRC update.
Important Developments related to NRC
- 1951- NRC was prepared for the first time
- 1971- Indo-Pakistan war and large number of Bangladeshi refugees enter India
- 1970-80 – Demographic changes in Assam and consequent social, ethnic and class conflicts between illegal refugees and state residents begin
- 1979-85 – Assam rebellion started under the leadership of All Assam Students Union (AASU) and also supported by All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad
- 1985 – Signing of Assam Accord and updating of National Civil Register published in 1951
- 2012-13- Intervention of Supreme Court, directs the Central Government to update NRC
- 31 August 2019 – Final list of NRC released, about 19 lakh people were out, allegations of disturbances in NRC
Need to implement NRC
The government launched the National Register of Citizens, that is, the NRC campaign to expel people living illegally in Assam.
This is one of the biggest campaigns in the world, under this campaign people living illegally will be identified first and then sent back to their country.
For example, there are about 50 lakh Bangladeshi living illegally in Assam, due to which social and economic problems have remained here for many decades. NRC is applicable only in those states from where citizens of other country enter India.
The NRC report itself states that who is an Indian citizen and who is not, if that person is an Indian, then they will equally get all the rights that an Indian has.
Problems arising from the termination of citizenship
After the release of the NRC list, he has not been a citizen of any country, in such a situation there is a danger of violence in the state.
Such people were residing in Assam for a long time, after the expiry of Indian citizenship, they will neither be able to vote as before, nor will they get the benefit of any welfare scheme and they will not have any right over their own property.
People who have their own property will be targeted by others.